The purpose of this thesis is to demonstrate professional and efficient music production and music mixing techniques. This is not meant to be a definitive answer to the endless approaches that can be used in music production and mixing. Instead, it is intended to aid learning in a profession where there are no black and white answers since choices in music production and mixing are highly dependent upon the engineer's preferences. While it is true that music is an art and in the end not... ( 1 reviews ) Topics: audio production, mixing, music, pro tools, recording arts
Amid the uniformly low physical activity rates among children in the United State, practical solutions for increasing physical activity (PA) are needed. Whether interventions to increase PA need to account for individual demographic characteristics or safety context is unknown.Methods:Study Design:This community based participatory research project used mixed methods, including secondary data analyses and concept mapping.Setting:Five demographically diverse, geographically contiguous, urban... Topics: Exercise, Program development, Safety, Health and Behavioral Sciences, Children
This research project studies a selection of Paraguayan short stories by Josefina Pla (Fuerteventura 1903 -Asuncion 1999). Through the exploration of certain motifs she associated to Paraguayan history; her characterization of female protagonists; and the insertion of animate and inanimate objects she uses to mask a denunciation of social, cultural, ethical, and gender issues of the Paraguayan microcosm, this thesis seeks to contribute a fresh critical perspective to the limited body of... Topics: university of colorado denver, auraria library, master of arts, spanish, espanol, literature, thesis
The poem Beowulf has been translated hundreds of times, in part or in whole. In past decades translators such as Howell Chickering and E. Talbot Donaldson firmly adhered to formal equivalency, following the original text line-by-line if not word-by-word. Such translations are useful for Anglo-Saxon students but cannot reach a larger audience because they are unwieldy and often incomprehensible. In the past fifty years, though, a group of translators with different philosophies has taken up the... Topics: Gender, translation, English, Old English, Wealhtheow
his paper maintains that the work of Heidegger on Heraclitus' fragments 50 on logos and 16 on aletheia, represent a viable alternative to the "Metaphysics" of Occident Thinking in the early 20th century, which has culminated in the mindset of the our technological age. It further explores an alternative aspiration for language and methodology that is able to serve as a viable alternative for the exploration of Heraclitus' texts, given their fragmentary format and obscure nature. The... Topics: Heraclitus, Interpretation, Language, Logos, Humanities
This paper examines the impact of a nutrition education intervention on food choice and consumption in elementary cafeterias. After a school district changed 42 lunch and breakfast entr�e recipes to include more whole grains, fresh produce and fresh meats, this study examined student food choice and food consumption in five schools with a nutrition education intervention and five schools without. The nutrition education intervention, focusing on a 3-level rating system to teach children about... Topics: Scratch Cooking, Health and Behavioral Sciences, Nutrition Education, School Cafeterias
With the rise of the importance of air transportation in the 21st centuries, the role of economics in airport planning and decision-making has become more important to the urban structure and land value around it. The relationship between the airport and land value in urban areas has attracted more attention from academic researchers. However, there has been little research on the factors that affect the prices of land relatively to the airport location.Using New Bangkok International Airport... Topics: Hedonic Pricing Model, Location of Economic Activities, Design and Planning, Bid-rent model,...
The number of English language learners (ELLs) in the United States school system is growing rapidly. Much of the responsibility for teaching ELLs lies with regular classroom teachers. However, little training is being provided to help them. From a sociocultural perspective and drawing on constructive-developmental theories of adult learning and development, this study explores the potential for transformative learning in a one semester online English as a Second Language for Educators course.... Topics: adult education, online learning, transformational learning, didactics, English language
The critical load of a column, compression member or structure, calculated from a linear elastic analysis of an idealized perfect structure, does not necessary correspond with the load at which instability of a real structure occurs. This calculated critical load does not provide sufficient information to determine when failure, due to instability of the structure as a whole, will occur. To obtain this information it is necessary to consider the initial geometrical imperfections, eccentricities... Topics: critical load, pedestrian bridges, pony truss bridge, steel structures, direct analysis method
Sustainable construction has become an interest in the engineering community and several standards have been developed to assess the environmental impact of new construction projects. Research has shown that it is possible to use recycled materials to replace some of the traditional mixture components in concrete products and produce a more sustainable building material. Two materials that are currently recycled and have the possibility of use in concrete applications are waste glass and rubber... Topics: construction, concrete, masonry, rubber, engineering standards, aggregate
Increasing temperatures, varying rain events accompanied with flooding or droughts coupled with increasing water demands, and decreasing air quality are just some examples of stresses that urban systems face with the onset of climate change and rapid urbanization. Literature suggests that greenhouse gases are a leading cause of climate change and are of a result of anthropogenic activities such as infrastructure development. Infrastructure development is heavily dependent on the production of... Topics: High Volume Fly Ash Concrete, Pervious Concrete, Sustainable Concrete Technologies, Urban...
Microbial Fuel Cells (MFCs) use biodegradable matter, such as wastewater and animal droppings to generate electrical energy. To harvest the energy from MFC, power electronic converters have recently been used because of their advantages, such as the ability to store the harvested energy and the ability to control MFC voltage. Although power electronic converters have advantages to be used to harvest the energy, the diode based energy harvesters suffer from the low efficiency because of the... Topics: electrical engineering, MOSFET, power electronic converters, microbes
This is a descriptive study designed to examine theclassroom practices of first and second grade teachersand the espoused beliefs of primary teachers, principals,and teacher educators concerning developmentallyappropriate curriculum and instructional methods in theprimary grades. Topics: university of colorado denver, auraria library, dissertation, phd, education
Various types of Fault Current Limiters (FCLs) have been proposed and proven that they offer many advantages with respect to transmission losses, voltage quality, and power system stability. However, those including the Solid-State Fault Current Limiters (SSFCL), the most advanced type of FCL, have been mainly focusing on the FCL system itself such as optimization of components, improving the efficiency and reducing the cost. Conventional ways such as splitting buses, replacing the switchgear,... Topic: Electrical engineering
Recent trends indicate a significant decline in the number of students graduating from Science, Technology, Engineering and Math (STEM) programs in the US. The under-representation of students of color, females and low income students in STEM programs has also been documented. Design Based Science (DBS) instruction has been suggested to improve the problem solving skills of students of color.The present study employed a quasi-experimental pre-post-test research study. Four equivalent parallel... Topics: Problem Solving Competency, Race, Science achievement, Educational Studies and Research, Gender
This research addresses the issue of geological dependence of deep foundation designs resistance factors for driven pile and drilled shaft designs in different locations. For the proof, two sets of databases were used: one from the NCHRP 507 report and another driven pile and drilled shaft database with static load tests and soil profiles from the different locations in Vietnam were used to evaluate resistance factor design for different axial pile capacity prediction methods. Eight different... Topics: geological engineering, geology, vietnam, deep foundation drill
This thesis addresses economic development in the context of endogenous corruption. We also ask whether economic growth exacerbates poverty or income inequality. The evidence to date is mixed. The thesis examines relationships among and between defined constraints on economic development by offering policy makers a unique method of measuring governance cor-ruption’s effects on education budgets and individual income. Governance corruption includes malfeasance, misfeasance, nonfeasance, or... Topics: governance, corruption, education expenditures, income inequality, net growth theory, shadow... Source: http://hdl.handle.net/10981/621
HASH values are the result of a cryptographic HASH function that can be used for security or file authentication. Due to the rise of file exchange on the internet this value has become even more important when working with digital evidence. In recent years freeware programs have become available online for both commercial and personal use to check for this value. However, there has not yet been a set way to verify these programs and to check that the results they are giving is in fact accurate.... Topics: freeware, HASH values, matlab, testing, validation
Using an assessment tool, tailored to the Colorado academic science standards, a study was conducted to evaluate the environmental literacy of postsecondary, nonscience majors. Data were collected from 144 students taking an introductory environmental science class. A 16-item, multiple-choice question, environmental knowledge assessment instrument covered environmental content across three subdomains in the Colorado academic science standards: Physical Science, Life Science and Earth Systems... Topics: assessment, environmental education, environmental literacy, environmental science, environmental... Source: http://hdl.handle.net/10981/622
Biomimicry is a technological approach to engaging with the natural world which looks to nature as an intellectual source to solve human problems. The current problems of environmental degradation and the challenges of long-term sustainable production have given rise to the practice of biomimicry. This new form of technologically engaging with the world is reflective of a certain relationship between self and object. This new relationship of subject and object, or the cognitive and natural, is,... Topics: Frankfurt School, Hegel, Piaget, Humanities, Environmental design
Interest in Smart Antenna Technology for wireless communication systems has increased in the recent years as a promising technique to improve the performance of cellular mobile systems. Considerable amount of research is being conducted to improve the performance of the system in terms of increasing the capacity and range. We discuss the different types of Smart Antenna systems using switched beam and adaptive antenna array techniques and describe how they can be used to implement in different... Topic: Electrical engineering
Unlike traditional AC distribution systems, protection has been challenging for DC systems. Multi-terminal DC power systems do not have the years of practical experience and standards that AC power systems have. Also, the cur- rent power electronic devices can not survive or sustain high magnitude faults. Conveters will shut down to protect themselves under faulted conditions. This makes locating faults in DC system difficult, and causes the DC bus to de- energize. A fault protection algoritm... Topics: dc, grounding, microgrids, ring bus, engineering
Philippe Bourgois and Jeff Schonberg pioneered the theory of lumpen abuse, expanding on and integrating Marx's concept of the lumpen proletariat, Bourdieu's symbolic violence and Foucault's biopower and Levi's politics of the gray zone. Lumpen abuse as a theoretical lens can reveal a wealth of insight studying marginalized populations. This study looks at the impacts of lumpen abuse and symbolic vulnerability among Denver MMT clients and discusses the hidden forms of everyday violence that... Topics: benzodiazepines, bourgois, lumpen abuse, methadone, structural violence
This thesis argues that programs designed for those who are incarcerated that incorporate a variety of educational, artistic, networking, and skill-building features produce meaningful change by developing participants' self-esteem, self-expression, and communication skills. I evaluate three types of programs--traditional education, art education, and what I call "holistic" programs--to determine their intentions, methods, contributions, and deficits. Based on an analysis of the best... Topics: Education, Holistic healing, Prison, Social justice, Communication
Shallow foundation design in expansive soils has generally been approached in the industry using a typical pier/beam or spread footing/foundation wall and reinforcement design. The addition of supporting piers anchored in stable soils and excavated expansion areas under beam elements have modified a traditional foundation design for expansive soils. This traditional approach to foundation design uses designs that mitigate around the swelling effects, rather than designing to take advantage of,... Topics: Expansive Soils, Finite Element, Swelling Soils, Civil Engineering, Clay
This thesis addresses the problem of blind adaptive equalization of finite impulse response (FIR) and infinite impulse response (IIR) channels (their characteristics are unknown) in the fractionally sampling scenario. An adaptive equalizer is used at the receiver to compensate the time dispersion induced by noisy communication channels and eliminate the effect of Inter-Symbol-Interference (ISI). In other words, the overall our system model, which is a cascade connection of the channel and... Topics: finite impulse response, infinite impulse response, engineering, electrical
Racial disparities have been, and continue to be, a major obstacle facing post-secondary educational institutions throughout the United States. In response to the call for institutional and external accountability by stakeholders interested in higher education, the aim of this dissertation is to provide an historical analysis of race and diversity at the University of Colorado Boulder (UCB). UCB was chosen as the focus for the current study because it is the flagship public university in the... Topics: Higher Education, History of Education, Racial Disparities, Diverse student access, Educational...
Worldwide concerns of resource scarcity and climate change are driving the search for carbon-neutral, renewable energy alternatives for fossil fuels. Organic wastes such as food waste represent an abundant domestic resource for energy production. Recognizing the potential embedded in organic waste, various energy conversion technologies have been developed. Food waste from the Colorado Convention Center in Denver, Colorado can be used as the substrate for a microbial fuel cell (MFC) reactor, a... Topics: civil engineering, university of colorado denver, auraria library, master of science, microbes,...
Inadequate physical activity associated with acute car dependence is linked to increased risk of obesity and related chronic health conditions, including heart disease, diabetes, hypertension, depression and cancer. More than half of U.S. adults do not meet the minimum recommended levels of physical activity. This research is a mixed methods quantitative/qualitative study of the impact of a public bicycle sharing system as a health intervention to induce active transportation behavior. The... Topics: active transportation, public bicycle sharing, sustainable transportation, physical activity, b...
Through the prisms of William Shakespeare's life and work and Elizabethan land law, this thesis not only (a) suggests that the sixteenth century witnessed the simultaneous rise of the individual and the creation of the English state, but also (b) identifies the chance confluence of several forces that led to personal freedom on the one hand and a national unification on the other. Shakespeare benefited personally from the individuation and the nation-building and wrote professionally about... Topics: Shakespeare, Shakespeare Plays, Humanities, Elizabethan, Land Law
Transport phenomena in porous media are commonplace in our daily lives. Examples and applications include heat and moisture transport in soils, baking and drying of food stuffs, curing of cement, and evaporation of fuels in wild fires. Of particular interest to this study are heat and moisture transport in unsaturated soils. Historically, mathematical models for these processes are derived by coupling classical Darcy's, Fourier's, and Fick's laws with volume averaged conservation of mass and... Topics: Unsaturated Porous Media, Applied Mathematics, Chemical Potential, Enhanced Vapor Diffusion
This project utilizes a multi-sited approach to explore the specifics of anti-wolf sentiment and policy among rural residents in Idaho and Wyoming. To fully explore current anti-wolf attitudes, interviews, participant observation, and archival research were conducted in the summer of 2012. Wolf populations have declined outside of Yellowstone National Park since their removal from protection under the Endangered Species Act in Idaho and Wyoming in 2011 and 2012 respectively. This project... Topics: conservation, rancing, social memory, wolves, american west
More than 1,200 cities worldwide are embarking on low carbon goals. However, currently there are no protocols in place to consistently account for GHG emissions associated with cities. Thus, this thesis explores mathematical relationships, approximations, implementation challenges, and policy relevance for three city-scale GHG emission accounting methods: Purely Territorial, Trans-Boundary Infrastructure Supply-Chain Footprint (TBIF), and Consumption-Based Footprint (CBF). Mathematical... Topics: city-scale ghg emissions, GHG accounting, sustainability, GHG footprinting
While play marks both the cultural and pre-cultural spheres of human existence, the environmental design disciplines have almost exclusively compartmentalized the notions of play and fun into categories of leisure and children's playgrounds. The rhetorics of environmental design, to date, have ignored, or at best marginalized, the possibility of play outside of recreational and commercial contexts. Still, we have abundant examples of playful architecture and fun places that stand outside of the... Topics: folly, fun, play, architecture
There is a growing body of evidence suggesting there are modifiable vascular and metabolic risk factors for Alzheimer's disease (AD). Despite many plausible mechanisms by which obesity could contribute, its etiological contributions remains unclear. We therefore investigated 1) the evidence linking obesity to cognitive health, 2) whether obesity in early or mid-life is associated with cognitive change and the possible factors involved, and 3) whether dietary interventions that reduce weight... Topic: Health and Behavioral Sciences
This thesis is a compilation of research from two different yet related projects. The common thread in these projects is alarm calling and communication on black-tailed prairie dog (Cynomys ludovicianus) colonies. I considered both intra-specific communication: how black-tailed prarie dogs communicate with each other, and inter-specific communication: how another species, the Western Burrowing Owl (Athene cunicularia), benefits from prairie dog communication. The first chapter consists of... Topics: alarm calling, burrowing owl, eavesdropping, prairie dog, animal behavior
Youth master planning represents a new planning specialization that began inthe late 1980s to improve the lives of children and youth. Youth master planning is aligned with the normative frameworks of advocacy planning and participatory planning in that adults are encouraged to advocate for the needs of children and youthand meaningfully engage them in community decision-making. As an outcome of this process, youth master plan documents provide a general guide for becoming a better place for... Topics: university of colorado denver, auraria library, urban planning, dissertation, phd
Interval graphs and their variations have been studied extensively for the last 50 years from both a theoretical standpoint and due to their importance in applications. In this thesis we will explore several variations of interval graphs and unit interval graphs including interval digraphs, interval bigraphs and probe interval graphs. Interval graphs were mathematically introduced by Hajos . The origin of interval graphs may also be regarded as an application to the research of Benzer in... Topics: mathematics, digraphs
The reauthorization of the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 has increasedattention to student achievement. Specifically, the challenging demographics inColorado make attention to Colorado's Latino American students a critical issue. Colorado's population of Latino American students is now the largest and fastest growing ethnic minority group in the state. Although it is necessary to hold educators accountable for students who are not achieving, it is inappropriate to make judgments simply from... Topics: university of colorado denver, auraria library, phd, dissertation, education, chicano studies
The desire to learn a new skill or polish an old one for better employment prospects inspires many adults to enroll in community colleges. However, being away from school for a long time or having struggled in K-12 schooling, can make that transition back to the classroom difficult for adult students. As part of enrollment, they take an entrance exam, and if they do not perform well one the English Reading and Writing portions, they may be identified as "illiterate" in Academic... Topics: academic english, adult literacy, community college, developmental education, english skills,...
This is a study about understanding the relationship between an organization'sstructure and the organizational values held by individuals who are members of theorganization. It is the contention of this research to show that organizational values are, at least in part, dependent on the structure of organizations. This study seeks to provide a pair of spectacles for public managers who wish to investigate and appreciate the ethical climate of their organization. Values, as part of an... Topics: dissertation, public affairs, university of colorado denver, auraria library
Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) has increasingly become recognized as a public health concern in the United States. Recent research finds that that roughly one in three women and one in four men in the United States have been raped, physically assaulted, or stalked by an intimate partner, and the association between IPV and chronic physical and mental health conditions, acute injuries, and lost wages and productivity has been well documented. For decades, however, researchers have debated the... Topics: Health and Behavioral Sciences, Gender, Intimate Partner Violence
With the recent tide of "Mommy Blogs" proliferating the Internet, advertisers, researchers, and mainstream media outlets have all taken notice of the societal and cultural influence mothers have. Women in every stage of parenting have become professional writers by blogging about their experiences raising children. In turn, many isolated mothers have reached out to these blogs searching for communities of support and friendship. Numerous women create mommy blogs as a place to network... Topics: Motherhood, Humanities, Blogging, Gender roles
High-throughput microarray technology is an important and revolutionary technique used in genomics and systems biology to analyze the expression of thousands of genes simultaneously. The popular use of this technique has resulted in enormous repositories of microarray data, for example, the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO), maintained by the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI). However, an effective approach to optimally exploit these datasets in support of specific biological... Topics: gene-drug association, gene expression, meta-analysis, motif finding, cluster analysis
Recently developed optogenetic tools provide powerful approaches to optically excite or inhibit neural activity. In a typical in-vivo experiment, light is delivered to deep nuclei via an implanted optical fiber. Light intensity attenuates with increasing distance from the fiber tip, determining the volume of tissue in which optogenetic proteins can successfully be activated. However, whether and how this volume of effective light intensity varies as a function of brain region or wavelength has... Topics: brain atlas, in-vivo, optical fiber, optogenetics, biomedical
Too many of our nation's youth have failed to complete high school. Determining why so many of our nation's students fail to graduate is a complex, multi-faceted problem and beyond the scope of any one study. The study presented herein utilized a thirteen-step mixed methods model developed by Leech and Onwuegbuzie (2007) to demonstrate within a large urban Rocky Mountain school district, the existence of a significant relationship between high school algebra performance and high school... Topics: self-efficacy, education, social learning theory, algebra, mathematics
The surface of an acrylate-based shape memory polymer ("SMP") was modified to capture cationic biomarkers of eosinophilic esophagitis ("EoE") to establish a better diagnostic and monitoring system of this disease. Incorporation of a negative charge into the SMP allows for specific adsorption of the cationic biomarkers with additional leverage from the shape memory effect to position the polymer near the lumen wall of the esophagus. SMP modification was performed by... Topics: biomedical engineering, acrylate-based shape memory polymer
This dissertation examines the levels of and relationships between technical leadership, adaptive leadership, and defined autonomy among Denver school leaders along with their combined effects on school growth gains over time. Thirty principals provided complete responses to an online survey that included existing scales for technical leadership, adaptive leadership, and autonomy and newly created measures for defined autonomy. Five different scenarios for measuring defined autonomy were used... Topics: district improvement, school autonomy, Educational Studies and Research, adaptive leadership,...
The safety of merging and diverging influence areas, intersections, interchanges, and other traffic facilities is assessed by tracking and analyzing police-reported motor vehicle crash records. Since the nature of road crashes is random and infrequent, this process is slow to reveal the need for remediation of the roadway design and traffic control strategy. Moreover, this process is not applicable to assess new designs that have not yet been built, or deployed in the real world. This study... Topics: conflict, traffic, engineering, theses, crash, freeway, merging, surrogate, driving, dissertation